Chess is played on a board of 64 squares arranged in eight vertical rows called files and eight horizontal rows called ranks. These squares alternate between two colors: one light, such as white, beige, or yellow; and the other dark, such as black or green. The board is set between the two opponents so that each player has a light-colored square at the right-hand corner.
Chess, is one of the oldest and most popular board games, played by two opponents on a checkered board with specially designed pieces of contrasting colors, commonly white and black. White moves first, after which the players alternate turns in accordance with fixed rules, each player attempting to force the opponent’s principal piece, the King, into checkmate—a position where it is unable to avoid capture. Chess first appeared in India about the 6th century AD and by the 10th century had spread from Asia to the Middle East and Europe. Since at least the 15th century, chess has been known as the “royal game” because of its popularity among the nobility.
2. Ludo and Snakes and Ladders
Ludo also called Pachisi, or Parcheesi, board game, sometimes called the national game of India. Four players in opposing partnerships of two attempt to move pieces around a cross-shaped track. Moves are determined by throws of cowrie shells or dice. Each player has four pieces, which begin at the center space, move down the middle track nearest the player, and counterclockwise around the outer track of the board.
Marked squares along the course represent castles in which the occupying pieces cannot be captured. An occupied castle is open to the player’s other pieces or those of his partner but close to those of his opponents. Pieces resting on other squares are captured and sent back to the center to begin again if an opposing piece lands on the square they occupy. The partnership whose pieces first complete the course by returning to the center space is the winner.
Snakes and Ladders, known originally as Moksha Patam, is an ancient Indian board game regarded today as a worldwide classic. It is played between two or more players on a gameboard having numbered, gridded squares. Also a number of “ladders” and “snakes” are pictured on the board, each connecting two specific board squares.
The object of the game is to navigate one’s game piece, according to die rolls, from the start (bottom square) to the finish (top square), helped or hindered by ladders and snakes, respectively. Therefore this game is a simple race-based on sheer luck and is popular with young children.
UNO is the classic card game that’s easy to pick up and impossible to put down! Players take turns matching a card in their hand with the current card shown on top of the deck either by color or number. Special action cards deliver game-changing moments as they help you defeat your opponents. These include Skips, Reverses, Draw Twos, Wild and Draw Four Wild cards. You’ll find 25 of each color (red, green, blue, and yellow), eight Wild cards, three Customizable cards and one Special Rule card inside the 112-card deck. If you can’t make a match, you must draw from the central pile! And when you’re down to one card, don’t forget to shout “UNO!” The first player to rid themselves of all the cards in their hand before their opponents wins. It’s Fast Fun for Everyone!
4. Carrom Board
Carrom is most easily described as a “finger pool“. On a 29″ x 29” wooden board, players flick a large weighted disc (the striker) at smaller wooden discs. The goal is to sink your 9 carrom-men, as well as the red Queen, in the four corner pockets. The first player or team to accomplish this collects points for the round (commonly called a “board”). A standard game of Carrom continues until one player has 25 points or 8 boards have been completed.
Carrom bears similarities to Pool and Crokinole but is a fascinating game in its own right with varied strategies and techniques. No one knows exactly where the game originated. It could have come from Bangladesh, Burma, Egypt, or Ethiopia, but most believe it originated in India.
Jenga is a game of physical and mental skills. Built on the simple premise of stacking blocks. Jenga engages players of all ages, across all cultures. Jenga’s success rests on its solid play value. Then players take turns to remove a block from a tower and balance it on top, creating a taller and increasingly unstable structure as the game progresses.
6. Scrabble Board Game
Scrabble, board-and-tile game in which two to four players compete in forming words with lettered tiles on a 225-square board; words spelled out by letters on the tiles interlock like words in a crossword puzzle.
Players draw seven tiles from a pool at the start and replenish their supply after each turn. Tiles in the pool and those of other players are kept secret so that a player can see only those tiles on the board and his own. A player may forfeit his turn and exchange any or all of his tiles for those in the pool. There are 100 letter tiles, each imprinted with a point value for different letters, approximately
corresponding to the frequency of occurrence of the letter in English words. Words are scored by adding up the point values of their letters, multiplied by any of 61 premium squares that may be covered, such as double letter, triple letter, double word, and triple word.
Scoring as the game advances are possible both horizontally and vertically, with higher scores registered by forming two or more interlocking words at the same time. At the end of the game, when one player has no tiles or the board is deadlocked. So The player who has scored the greatest number of points is the winner. Values of unused letters left to players are totaled and deducted from their scores.
7. Tambola or Bingo
Tambola, also known as Tombola, Indian Bingo or Housie is a popular game that is believed to be originated in Italy in the early 1500s. The game is fun to play and easy to learn. All of us have played Tambola at social gatherings, office get-togethers, kitty parties and social events. Tambola can be played in many different ways depending on the competency level. American version of Tambola is called ‘Bingo’ and it is slightly different from Tambola.
Each player must buy at least one ticket to enter a game. Tambola is played with Numbers (1-90) being called out one at a time and players striking out those Numbers on their Tickets. It contains 27 spaces, arranged in nine columns by three rows. Also each row contains five numbers and four blank spaces. Each column contains up to three numbers, with some variation depending on Bingo or Tambola companies and/or where the game is played.
8. Game Of Life Board Game
The Game of Life, also known simply as Life, is a board game originally created in 1860 by Milton Bradley, as The Checkered Game of Life. The Game of Life was America’s first popular parlor game. The game simulates a person’s travels through his or her life, from college to retirement, with jobs, marriage, and possible children along the way. Two to four or six players can participate in one game. Variations of the game accommodate up to ten players.
The modern version was originally published 100 years later, in 1960. It was created and co-designed by toy and game designer Reuben Klamer and was “heartily endorsed” by Art Linkletter. Also It is now part of the permanent collection of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History and an inductee into the National Toy Hall of Fame.
9. Monopoly Board Game
Monopoly is a board game currently published by Hasbro. In the game, players roll two six-sided dice to move around the game board, buying and trading properties, and developing them with houses and hotels. Players collect rent from their opponents, with the goal being to drive them into bankruptcy. Money can also be gained or lost through Chance and Community Chest cards, and tax squares; players can end up in jail, which they cannot move from until they have met one of several conditions. The game has numerous house rules, and hundreds of different editions exist, as well as many spin-offs and related media. Monopoly has become a part of international popular culture, having been licensed locally in more than 103 countries and printed in more than 37 languages.
10. Stapoo or Hopscotch
A game that very subtly taught us the basic rules of addition and subtraction without us even realizing that. Stapoo, the game which could be played in a room or a yard etched into our minds the despair that a few inches here or there could cause. In the game, as in life, the little inches are the ones that matter. It is one of the Traditional Games of India.
Hopscotch was a true test of leg strength and throwing ability. If the stone landed outside the box, your chance would have gotten over. We all remember this little game with fond memories.